Knotted rugs are traditionally made on vertical/ upright looms. Indian rug knotting uses a rug weaving method that involves the weaver knotting the weft yarn around the warp yarn, leaving both weft ends on the surface.
Vanderhurd works closely with its weavers to develop and perfect new techniques. Our role is to enhance the craftmanship and quality of the rug through our choice of weave and yarn and to complement this craftmanship with aesthetics that meet our client’s needs.
The nakshas are hand drawn and painted on graph paper with each square representing an individual knot, the scale of the naksha will depend on the knot count being used in the rug.
Dyeing for cut pile rugs requires an extra degree of skill as a yarn will look much darker when cut and dry. The yarn must be tested many times throughout the dyeing process.
The consideration of the thickness of the weft yarn and how close together the warp threads are strung will determine how many knots there are in a square inch. Vanderhurd offers a range between 30 -250 knots per inch.
Cut pile knotting requires a specific rhythm to be used by all the weavers: they must beat with the same pressure, knot at the same pace, know which part of the design is theirs. The collective rhythm achieves a uniformly woven rug.
Cut pile rugs require a certain amount of sun to dry as they are much denser than a flatweave. For this reason, during rainy season you may find lead times to be slightly longer.
Finishing is integral to the final look of the rug and must be done by a highly skilled finisher who knows how to treat each fibre individually to get it looking its best.